Month: February 2016

Law Essay Tips From Law Tutors

e4Writing first class law essays can be a tall order, especially for those new to studying law. In this article, a law tutor gives his tips for writing a high-scoring essay, whatever the question.

Answer the Question

The most important tip, which any of your law tutors will tell you, is to answer the question. This advice seems obvious, but in fact answering the question presented a nuanced exercise. For example, if the question asks you to ‘compare’ two things, and you do not make that comparison the bulk of your answer, you risk losing marks. Similarly, an essay might give you a statement, and ask you to discuss it. For example, if your essay title was: “In the interests of business efficacy, the requirement of consideration in the English law of contract should be abandoned”, you would have multiple parts to answer. Yes, the main thrust is whether consideration should be abandoned, but you must also answer the ‘business efficacy’ part of the question. It may very well be the case, for example, that it is not business efficacy, but legal taxonomy that demands the abolition of consideration. Furthermore, business efficacy will need to be defined. Does it mean that business strives for legal certainty, or that the law will match day-to-day business needs? If the law is a means to and end for businesses, what is that end? Once through preliminary questions are answered, you can be certain that you will be answering the question asked of you, and therefore on your way to high marks.

Structure

The second tip, which will help you answer the question, is to structure your answer. There is no limit to how structured your answer should be, and almost no essay that is ‘too structured’. Do not be afraid to use headings and sub-headings, because this will direct the reader. To use the above question as our example, you might wish to structure your essay as follows:

– What is business efficacy?

– What is causation

– Does business efficacy demand the abolition of causation?

This structure is basic, but already gives the reader a better idea of where the essay is going than if it was in unbroken prose, which relies on your writing style and the reader’s keen mind to find the structure hidden in the words. Far better, when writing an essay that will be marked by someone who must mark a number of other essays, to be explicit about your structure.

Career in Computer Science With Cyber Security and Forensics

e3Cyber forensics is studied as part of the digital forensic science subject. It pertains to the legal evidence lying in the digital storage media and the cyber space. Since the advent of digital age, the need to have cyber professionals has grown exponentially. It has basically resulted from the internet explosion in India that was witnessed recently owing to e-governance, e-banking, e-commerce and social media.

The demand for the course of B. Tech. Computer Science with Cyber Security and Forensics was triggered with continuous attacks on social media and its misuse. So, there was a cyber terrorism threat to the internet security of our country which it was not properly equipped to handle. After this threat started to impact the national security, the Indian government passed a resolution to have its cyber protection architecture in place at the national level.

Cyber Security Policy for Data Protection

The policy was proposed in 2011 seeking to protect the national assets from cyber-attacks and offering protection to the information of citizens. It was also directed at strengthening team dealing with Computer Emergency Response to audit, protect and spread awareness about the issue along with encouraging open standards. It is estimated that by the end of 2015, India may need about five lakh experts in to handle its cyber security to support the growing internet economy.

Opportunities with Different Sectors

The financial sector itself is going to hire about two lakh people including those working for oil and gas, power, utility, airlines, telcos and government. So, the government is looking forward to hiring such professionals for its e-governance and law and order departments. The massive hiring is expected as the Indian information security market continues to see an upward trend despite an economic slowdown.

Topics to be Covered

Therefore, a B. Tech. degree in computer science with specialisation in cyber security and forensics is soon to be introduced by many universities in India. As there was a need to have a curriculum for information protection, the head of departments introduced the course in their respective institutions to meet the talent demand. They started teaching subjects including environmental studies, introduction to open source software and open standards, HTML programming, mathematical logic, data structures using C and engineering graphics.

In addition, papers like computer systems architecture, information security fundamentals, design and analysis of algorithms, database management systems and data modelling with electronic devices and circuits were added. Also, subjects, such as microprocessors and embedded systems, storage technology foundation, philosophy of science and theory of automata and computation were taught as part of this discipline.

The Post College Blues

e2You came out with a general business degree, biology, psychology, or heaven forbid a performing /graphic arts BA and can’t find a job. Or you hate what you do, ‘accounting’s tedious, I want human contact’. The market is weak, despite media talk this election year. If only you had gone into engineering some of your relatives opine.

Hello millennial, things are not what they once seemed. You sit at your computer depressed. You think it’s your fault. ‘Your cousin is in medical school’ you hear.

What to do; you can’t stay a waitress forever. Go back to school says your father employed in the same field for 35+ years. Back to school; I don’t know what I want. Pick something; no longer follow your heart. The arts field is glutted as is psychology and tenured professorships.

Something safe, teaching, nursing, pharmacy, physical therapy, dental-assisting, gets proffered. You Google it and find articles citing the Bureau of Labor Statistics, (a government agency), promising great job prospects in the future.

I beg to differ on some of these pronouncements. A girl I know went through dental assisting training. One year later she still had no job. Perhaps it’s the area. Do you want to relocate?

The same holds true for nursing, and the pharmacy field. Jobs may exist, but not in the vicinity. And in law, $200, 000 in debt to compete with countless resumes for $40, 000 a year jobs?

“Why didn’t you tell me, the cry comes too late. Higher education is big business. The people involved value their positions whether you find a job or not. So how do you find opportunity? It’s not easy; you’ll have to research.

Where do you go-to the source of course. Find people working in jobs that interest you. Do you want to be a teacher-help young minds grow, 12 weeks vacations, tenure, a nice retirement? Talk to a teacher before fantacizing. Do you like bureaucracy, teaching to the test, rude/bullying/entitled kids or the violence in inner city schools? The truth is that to be effective you may bend rules, perhaps angering the administration.

Or take finance or IT, would you take a consulting job? At big consultancies people travel 40, 50, 80 percent of the time (without seeing the sights). How will that affect your social life? In engineering, working 60 hour weeks, you’re laid off in your 40’s or 50’s to make way for younger recruits.

And will your job be outsourced, like radiology, or accounting jobs? All fields have drawbacks. Before paying that huge tuition, find people working in this area, and observe if it’s what you can endure.

The reality is no more lifetime employment. Question, delve, find the truth. So what’s recommended?

#1. Look within, find a field not too overcrowded, and research on the internet.

#2. Contact people in that field, meet and possibly observe them at work. Bring questions which should include; a) what are the employment prospects locally and elsewhere, b) the pros and cons of the job? What is the burnout rate? Are jobs being outsourced or the field to be glutted in a few years? C) do you need a degree from a prestige school, or any credentialing to find a job?

#3. Decide if it’s worth your time and money. Many MBA programs don’t impress unless from a top tier institution, the same is true of law credentials. And PHDs in IT don’t influence much either.

The world changes quickly, eminent occupations are slipping in both prestige and remuneration (take law). And with technology expanding who knows where growth will be?

For those unsure, check the community colleges. Not only affordable, (you can live at home), they partner with local businesses, large and small, teaching skills that employers want, (software, logistics more).

A Quick Guide to Surviving Your Law Degree

e1It’s no secret that a law degree can be one of the hardest undergraduate degrees to undertake. The intellectual rigour, voluminous reading and numerous assignments make the subject tough to study. For this reason many students opt to hire law tutors to help them through the three years of their law degree. This helpful guide gives you some tips for surviving those key years in law school, to ensure you get the grades you need to bag that all-important training contract or pupillage.

Learn all you can from Careers Events

At the start of law school, students are almost immediately confronted with a number of careers events from firms and chambers. These can seem overwhelming; students in key hubs are invited to many such events a week. Yet there is inherent value in these events, outside of the free drinks and spread.

When applying for pupillage and training contracts, one important question that will almost always be asked is ‘Why us?’. A firm wants to know that you are applying to them for a considered reason, rather than just their pay packet. Rehearsing the firm’s awards or practice areas is useful, but this information is available online, and almost every applicant worth their salt will recall the same information.

Instead, you should look to set yourself apart, and there is no better way to do this than show that you understand both the firm and their clients. Is there a new development in the area that has a particular impact on the firm’s work? Perhaps the firm has taken on a new and exciting client that has the potential to bring in a work in an expanding practice area for the firm. Rather than relying on firm profiles in legal directories, the best way to get to know a firm is to talk to the lawyers that work there at such events and open days. This will give you the edge in applying for training contracts and vacation schemes, as your application will be a far more personal account of why you wish to work at a particular firm.